“No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.”
These words, written in the MagnaCarta in 1215, are a cornerstone of the British constitution. Although most of the clauses of Magna Carta dealt with specific grievances such as property rights and taxation, the 39th clause guaranteeing all free men the right to justice and a fair trial are echoed in many constitutional documents around the world." (British Library)
This video from the British Library explains how the 13th battle between King John and his barons led to the world's first bill of rights.:
"2015 marks the 800th anniversary of the grant at Runnymede of liberties to the freemen in Magna Carta. The story of how Magna Carta came into being, and has been interpreted since, has more twists and turns than the best soap opera. This book tells the history of Magna Carta in a concise and readable fashion and will be of interest to the lawyer and layman alike." (https://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Magna_Carta_Uncovered.html?id=7N59oAEACAAJ)
A historic week and a most interesting event.